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Introduction of watercolor: In ancient times, the Greeks used water-soluble paint on papyrus and the Chinese on the skin, and gradually this type of paint evolved and after making paper on paper, it was used, but first as a monochromatic And only in the form of lines as an interface tool, for example, in painting with oil paints, first with water-soluble paints, then with oil paints, of course, water-soluble paints were covered with oil paint. Little by little, this type of paint Used as a standalone tool, it was used for a long time to work outdoors and gradually entered the studios. Watercolor is a tool with which we will have exciting adventures, vivid and vibrant colors, the control of which requires knowing the subject and the capabilities of color, paper and even ambient temperature. Materials needed: Buying good tools is the best investment for an artist and is not very compatible with weak tools to create strong works. To work with watercolors, we need the following tools: Color: A wide range of colors with different qualities and prices in the market There is . There are two general types of watercolor tubes and tablets, the choice of each of which depends on the taste and comfort of the artist. Starting watercolor painting with a monochrome palette is recommended by great masters, sepia color is a good color to start, in working with monochrome, recognizing the movement of the color and controlling it, regardless of the color combination, will have better results. After mastering the movement of paint and water on cardboard and experiencing the techniques, we start working with a limited palette.


Brush: Round and soft brushes that are used for the whole work are responsible for placing and removing paint. During the execution of the work, no line should be added to the work, therefore, the softest type is used. Flat brushes, which, unlike soft brushes, are almost responsible for creating lines, although flat brushes are used to paint a large area. Liners are generally used at the end of the work to add details, and a blowing brush is used to create disconnected textures such as tree leaves, lake pebbles, and so on.

Cardboard: For watercolor, linen is usually used, which is available in different weights in the market, and because the work is often watered, high-grade cardboard, about 400 grams, is recommended, but to start training, it is necessary to There is not much cost and lighter and more common cardboard can help you learn and educate. Apart from the weight category, there are three types of cardboard for watercolor work

Hot Press Cardboard: This type of cardboard is very soft and is great for executing subjects with a lot of details and is the best option to start working with watercolors.

Cold Press Cardboard: This type of cardboard is softer than the rough type, but it has a texture and is used for general use.

Rough cardboard: This type of cardboard has a heavy texture and is suitable for some subjects that have a lot of difficulty and lack details.


Other tools: Pallet, paper glue, water-based glue, graphite, cloth napkin, large container of water. Adhesive water is as follows. First, we dip the cardboard in a container of ordinary water and take it out (note that too much stopping the paper in the container of water or washing it with hot water will lead to the loss of the cardboard base), then we will place it on the desired board. With a napkin, gently remove the air under the cardboard, and at this stage, the cardboard is completely fixed on the board, then we wet the glue with water glue and glue it around the work, allowing it to dry in the open air. We give. After it is completely dry, the cardboard is ready for execution.

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